During driving the suspensions multi-leaf spring is a dynamically loaded component. The sliding friction interaction between each leaf is a relevant damping mechanism for the vehicle.
By utilizing MAMBA it is possible to model e.g.trunnion springs that reproduce the correct nonlinear static and dynamic characteristics. Measurements on a typical spring type proved the high accuracy and predictability of this model.
Finally the spring model was integrated into a full vehicle to facilitate ride and handling simulations with improved result quality.